Norwegian Nobel Committee announces the Nobel Peace Prize laureate on 7th. This year Peace Prize has the largest number of candidates in history including 228 individuals and 148 organizations. It has no limits on the recommendation and is sometimes criticized as pro-western awards because it advocates political interest of western Powers, but it is undeniably one of the most distinguished awards.
One of the favorites is the peace agreement signed between Colombian government and Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC – Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia). Recently Peace Prizes are mostly awarded to organizations: European Union (2012), Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (2013), and the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet (2015).
Colombia is in civil war for 52 years. Two main leading men in the treatment are Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos and FARC leader Rodrigo Londoño Echeverri. The two men had signed a final agreement to end the civil war with a pen made of live ammunition in September 26.
However, there is an obstacle because Colombian voters rejected the peace deal on 2nd. Both parties say they are still willing to work on the deal. If the agreement gets the Peace Prize, it will be a prize to the South American country in 24 years after Rigoberta Menchú, a Guatemalan human rights activist, in 1992.
Other favorites are the candidates to help victims and refugees in the Syrian Civil War. Among them, Syria Civil Defence rescue workers, also called White Helmets, received most attention. White helmets are voluntary civilian relief organizations, started at the Aleppo Syria rebel area in 2013. Wearing a white helmet, they try to rescue everybody regardless of citizens, rebels or government army while the bombs rain down.
The chance for white helmets doesn’t look that high at this point because the war has not yet ended and is intertwined with the complex interests of the Western countries. Good news is that White helmets are named as the recipient of Right Livelihood Award (called the alternative Nobel Prize) winner. Other Syrian War related candidates are an 85 year old Greek grandmother Emilia Kamvisi who helped Syrian refugees, a 40 year old fisherman Stratis Valiamos who risked his life to help them to cross the ocean, and Susan Sarandon volunteer Hollywood actress.
Other candidates include a Russian activist Svetlana Gannuskhina who openly criticize the Putin government about human and civil rights abuse, and media and internet censorship. Also included are negotiators participated in the Iran Nuclear Deal and Edward Snowden who exposed about American government surveillance activity.